What does low sed rate mean
A low sed rate may be indicative of an inflammatory disease. Thanks for using ChaCha! [ Source: http://www.chacha.com/question/what-does-low-sed-rate-mean ]
More Answers to “What does low sed rate mean“
- What is normal sed rate levels??
- ESR. ESR stands for erythrocyte sedimentation rate. It is a nonspecific screening test that indirectly measures how much inflammation is in the body…
- Can taking prednisone give a low SED rate test?
- If it is doing the job it is meant to be doing then yes because it lowers inflammation. The lower the inflammation the lower the SED rate.
- Can someone have lupus if they have a very low sed rate(3-4), bas…?
- YES, Lupus is just like other autoimmune diseases which means Lupus patients often have what are …
Related Questions Answered on Y!Answers
- what does an elevated sed rate and low iron mean?
- Q: I had blood work done and my DR. wants me to redo because my iron is low and my (sed rate) is elevated. what does sed rate mean
- A: The sed rate shows that you have inflammation in your body somewhere but it is not a really good test. It is slow to rise and slow to fall so it isn’t as accurate as some other tests. It is good for following up on arthritis but a CRP test is better most of the time. In other words you could have been sick a month ago and been well for 2 weeks and still have a high sed rate because it falls so slowly. The sed rates measures the rate that the red blood cells fall down a column in one hour. This isn’t anything to panic about.
- I need to know what high lymphocytes, low moncytes and an elevated sed rate can mean?
- Q: For 6 weeks I have had fevers off and on. My lab work indicated I need to know what high lymphocytes(73), low moncytes(11) and an elevated sed rate ( I think she said 53). I have no known illnesses or diseases, but something is not right. I have also been found to be anemic and am terribly tired and washed out. No energy. Any advice on direction they want to just keep watching. Labs done weekly and get worseFor 6 weeks I have had fevers off and on. My lab work indicated I need to know what high lymphocytes(73), low moncytes(11) and an elevated sed rate ( I think she said 53). I have no known illnesses or diseases, but something is not right. I have also been found to be anemic and am terribly tired and washed out. No energy. Any advice on direction they want to just keep watching. Labs done weekly and get worse . In response I am seeing a Dr weekly who says let’s wait and see how they change. They continue to worsen
- A: TUBERCULOSIS will be my first diagnosis. Brucellosis is the other possibility.
- High Neutrophils, Low Lymphocytes, High Sed Rate?
- Q: Normal (High end) Platelets, High Neutrophils, Low Lymphocytes (What does it mean)?.My doctor asked me to go for blood test because he suspected LUPUS.In the report everything was normal except Neutrophils(High), Lymphocytes (Low), Platelets 2 pts from being too high. Sed Rate is also high. What does it mean. Does it signify any disease. I have a test two years ago too and the same thing in it but now it is higher. Im very worried regarding this report. How can I make neutrophils,lymphocytes and platelets normal. Currently, being treated with Celebrex for stiffness, and I have Raynauds. I’m developing a sensitivity to the sun. All tests are negative for Lupus.
- A: Get diagnosed by Medical Doctor. Here is some educational information, which may help you!Leukocytes (WBC)WBC are measured to test the ability to respond to infection, confirm presence of infection, help to tell type of infection, monitor response to treatment for infection, monitor for side effects of therapy, and monitor for complications of illnessThere are two types of cells: Myeloid – made in bone marrow. Includes granulocytes (neutrophils and bands, basophils, eosinophils) and monocytes.Lymphoid: made and stored in lymph tissue. Includes lymphocytes.We have two methods of measuring WBCs: total count and differential Critical ValuesWBC < 2000 or > 30,000Lymphocytes < 500 (this is an absolute number)Neutrophils < 500 (this is an absolute number) Absolute cell count = % of cells X WBC For example:WBC = 6000 Neutrophils = 60%Bands= 2% Basophils = 1%Eosinophils = 2% Monocytes = 5%Lymphocytes = 30% Calculate the absolute count of each. v Neut = 6000 X .60 = 3600v Bands = 6000 X .20 = 120v Baso = 6000 X .10 = 60v Eos = 6000 X .20 = 120v Monos = 6000 X .10 = 60v Lymphs = 6000 X .30 = 1800 total = 6000 Types of ImmunityCellular immunity involves the following cells: T lymphocytes, monocytes, neutrophilsHumoral immunity involves antibodies formed by B lymphocytes. Several types of humoral immunity occurs. The primary response involves the antibodies IgG and IgM. The secondary response begins immediately and results in long term recognition of specific antigens. Leukocytosis – WBC > 10,000Usually only one cell type is increased. If all cell types are increased, consider hemoconcentration. Leukocytosis occurs only in acute infections. In chronic infections, you may have high WBC but usually not above 10,000.Causes of leukocytosis: Myeloproliferative diseases, leukemia, trauma or tissue injury, malignant neoplasms (esp. bronchogenic cancer), acute hemolysis, issue necrosis, toxins (uremia, coma, eclampsia, thyroid storm), drugs, acute hemorrhage, after splenectomy, polycythemia vera.Leukocytosis is sometimes found without evidence of disease: Sunlight, ultraviolet irradiation, physiologic leukocytosis (excitement, stress, exercise, pain, heat or cold, anesthesia), nausea & vomiting, seizures, steroid therapy. ACTH causes leukocytosis in healthy person. ACTH masks leukocytosis in persons with severe infection . Leukopenia – WBC < 4000/mm3 Causes of leukopenia: Viral infections, some bacterial infections, overwhelming bacterial infections, hypersplenism, bone marrow depression, primary bone marrow diseases, immune-associated neutropenia, diseases occupying the bone marrow, iron deficiency anemia. Nursing care of the patient with leukopenia WBC Differential: there are 5 types of WBCs. The differential can tell you what type of infection is present.NeutrophilsAlso called PMNs, segs or polys .Normal is 50-60%; absolute cell count 3000-7000Neutrophils are the first cells to enter infected area. Their primary function is phagocytosis. Bands or stabs are immature neutrophils (1-3%). The life span is 6 hours. Neutrophilia – Relative percent >70%; absolute neutrophils > 8000 Causes of neutrophilia: acute bacterial infection, inflammation, metabolic or chemical poisoning, acute hemorrhage, acute hemolysis, myeloproliferative diseases, tissue necrosis, early stages of some viral diseases. Interfering factors: stress, excitement, fear, anger, joy & exercise temporarily cause neutrophilia. Crying babies have neutrophilia.Labor & delivery, menstruation causes neutrophilia. Children have greater neutrophilic response than adults. Some elderly patients have little or no neutrophilic response. People of any age who are debilitated, may not have neutrophilic response.Number of neutrophils decrease greatly with overwhelming infection, resistance exhausted, approaching death. Ratio of segs to bandsShift to left ß Increased bands Means acute infection, usually bacterial.Shift to right à Increased mature cellsDegenerative shift to left : Overwhelming infections, increase in bands without leukocytosisRegenerative shift to left: Increase in bands with leukocytosis, bacterial infections, Good prognosis Shift to right: Few bands with neutrophilia, liver disease, megaloblastic anemia, hemolysis, drugs, cancer, allergiesHypersegmentation without bands: Pernicious anemia, chronic morphine addictionNeutropeniaAbsolute count < 1800 in Caucasians, < 1000 in African-AmericansRelative percent < 40%< 5000 in neonates or < 1000 in infantsCauses of neutropenia: acute overwhelming bacterial infection, viral infections, rickettsail diseases, some parasites, drugs, chemicals, toxic agents, radiation, blood diseases, anemias, hormonal disorders, anaphylactic shock, renal disease, autoimmune diseases, hypersplenism.Agranulocytosis (marked neutrophenia & leukopenia) is dangerous. Body is unprotected against invading agents. Requires reverse isolation.Nursing care of the patient with neutropeniaThis site discusses the granulocytes (neutrophils, eosinophils and basophils): http://www.proiris.com/clinfx/hemat/hematpri/granulo.htm Eosinophils Concentrated in respiratory tract and GI tract. Activated by allergic reactions, foreign proteins and parasites. Diurnal rhythm – lowest in morning. Stress (physical or emotional) decreases count. Eosinophils disappear with corticosteroids.Eosinophilia – > 500 or > 5%Causes of eosinophilia: Allergies, asthma, parasitic diseases, Addison’s disease, hypopituitarism, myeloproliferative disorders, immunodeficiency disorders, chronic skin disorders, pulmonary infiltration, some infections (scarlet fever, chlamydia), collagen & connective tissue disorders, drug reactions, aspirin sensitivity.This site provides extensive information about eosinophilia:http://www.postgradmed.com/issues/1999/03_99/brigden.htm Eosinopenia Causes: Usually caused by increased circulating steroids, Cushing’s syndrome, drugs (ACTH, epinephrine, thyroxine, prostaglandins), acute bacterial infections with a shift to left. Eosinophilic myelocytes found only in leukemia or leukemoid pictures. BasophilsConcentrated in connective tissue and pericapillary areas. Release heparin, bradykinin, serotonin and histamine. Mediate allergic reactions. Help keep inflammatory substances at site.Causes of basophilia: Myelocytic leukemia, inflammation, allergy, sinusitis, polycythemia vera, chronic hemolytic anemia, after splenectomy, after ionizing radiation, hypothyroidism, foreign protein ingestion, infections (TB, smallpox, chickenpox, influenza)Causes of basopenia: stress reactions, hyperthyroidism, prolonged steroid therapy, chemo, radiation, acute rheumatic fever, acute phase of infection in children.MonocytesMature form is macrophage. Function in blood like macrophages do in tissue. MacrophagesMacrophages are not measured because they are found in tissue, especially GI tract, lungs, skin, spleen. First cells to pick up foreign organisms that enter by routes other than blood. Essential for immune system to work. They process foreign material and present it to other cells. They also produce interleukin 1 (IL-1).Causes of monocytosis: Bacterial infections, Tuberculosis, Subacute bacterial endocarditis, Monocytic leukemia, Myeloproliferative diseases, lymphoma, Recovery of neutropenia, Lipid storage diseases, Parasitic and rickettsial diseases, Collagen diseases, Surgical trauma, Ulcerative colitis, enteritis, sprue, Tetrachlorethane poisoningCauses of monocytopenia: Prednisone treatment, Hairy cell leukemia, Overwhelming infection causing neutropenia, HIV LymphocytesThis site provides in-depth information about B and T cells:http://www.ultranet.com/~jkimball/BiologyPages/B/B_and_Tcells.html T-lymphocytes are major fighters against viral, fungal, protozoa, and some bacteria; and provide surveillance against cancer. CD4 cells produce IL-2 and other interleukins. B lymphocytes respond to processed organisms. They are transformed to plasma cells. Functions include identifying antibodies (immunoglobins) in blood, fighting bacteria and other organisms. *Good B-cell function requires good T-cell function.Causes of lymphocytosis: Lymphatic leukemia, infectious lymphocytosis, infectious mononucleosis, CMV, measles, mumps, chicken pox, toxoplasmosis, viral URI, infectious hepatitis, TB, pertussis, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, hypoadrenalism, Addison’s disease, thyrotoxicosis, serum sickness, drug hypersensitivityCauses of lymphopenia: Chemotherapy, radiation, ACTH- producing tumors, steroid administration, aplastic anemia, obstruction of GI lymphatic drainage, Hodgkin’s disease, other malignancies, inherited or acquired immune disorders, advanced TB, severe debilitating illness of any kind, CHF, SLE, renal failure CD4Decreased: Immune dysfunction, AIDS, acute minor viral infectionsIncreased : Therapeutic drug effect, diurnal variation – peak in evening 2 times morning level.Plasma cellsMature B-lymphocytes that produce antibodies.Increased: Plasma cell leukemia, Hodgkin’s disease, multiple myeloma , cirrhosis, chronic lymphatic leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, cancer (liver, breast, prostate), SLE, serum reaction, some bacterial, viral or parasitic infectionsInterfering factors: Stress, exercise, menstruation cause lymphocytosis. African Americans have a relative (not absolute) increase in lymphocytes.Natural Killer CellsUnique lymphocytes with cytotoxic ability. Involved in all types of defense. They work in conjunction with T lymphocytesSpecial measures of lymphocytesCD – cluster differentiation – based on markers on cell membraneCD3 (total T-lymphocytes > 1500)CD4 (helper/inducer 500-2200 cells/ul)CD8 (suppressor/cytotoxic [CD3+] cells)CD4 : CD8 normally in 2:1 ratioCD19 (B cells)CD25 (activated T cells [CD3+] )CD45 (panleukocytes) CD16 (natural killer cells)T-cells panel – combination of various groups, such as CD45, CD3, CD8, CD25, CD56, CD19 T-helper/T-suppressor ratio > 1.0 Nursing considerations: Lymphocyte measures vary across labs. vary diurnally. Draw in am Don’t let sit overnight. Lymphopeniav Opportunistic infections frequently occur during lymphopenia.v Prednisone can decrease T lymphocytesv Major finding in AIDS is decreased CD4 ; < 200 = AIDSv If T lymphocytes < 2000 look for signs of malnutritionv Decreased T lymphocytes occur in transplant patients receiving immunosuppressant drugs Management of patients with low WBCsv No fresh fruits or vegetables, cooked food onlyv All food must be served from new or single-serving packagev No IM injectionsv No rectal temps, suppositories, enemasv No aspirin or NSAIDsv Monitor temperature AntibodiesIgA = lungs, skin, GI infectionsIgG = Generalized bacterial infectionComplementIncreased in acute response to inflammation or infectionAbsent in hypercatabolism (autoimmune), hereditary deficiency and overexpenditure of complexesUsed to monitor or evaluate SLELeukemiaClassified by course and duration – Acute or chronicClassified by cell type – Myeloid (granulocyte), Moncytic, Lymphocytic Culture and SensitivityAntibiotic sensitivity testing detects type and amount of antibiotic required to inhibit bacterial growth. Frequently use disc method where antibiotic impregnated discs placed on agar innoculated with bacteria. Degree of inhibitions of bacterial growth indicates effectiveness of antibiotic.Sensitive and susceptible imply that antibiotic will inhibit or kill organism Intermediate, partially resistant, moderately susceptible indicates organism not completely inhibited by therapeutic doses Indeterminant – may be susceptible to high doses Resistant – organism not inhibited Types of culturesAerobicAnaerobicFungalAcid fastGet cultures before antibiotics started. Can use special procedures if antibiotics already started.Gram stain is used to identify if specimen is good and as initial basis for therapy. Parasites are seen visually.Immunological StudiesTests for disorders of immune functionErythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR, sed rate) Nonspecific test for inflammationInflammatory and necrotic processes alter plasma proteins which cause agglutination of RBCs and they settle fasterUsed to monitor treatment for temporal arteritis, rheumatoid arthritis, polymyalgia rheumaticaIncreased ESR: All collagen diseases, infections, inflammatory diseases, all cancers, acute heavy metal poisoning, cell or tissue destruction, toxemia, nephritis, nephrosis, subacute bacterial endocarditis, anemia, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, arthritisExtreme elevations found in malignant lymphocarcinoma of colon or breast, myeloma, and rheumatoid arthritis Interfering factors: Refrigerated blood, pregnancy after 12 weeks until 4 weeks postpartum, young children, menstruation, anemia, hyperglycemia, hyperalbuminemia, decreased fibrinogen in newborns, polycythemia or high Hgb, drugs: steroids, aspirin, heparin, oral contraceptives C-Reactive Protein (CRP)Normal < 0.8 mg/dlNonspecific Used to evaluate inflammatory disease management and severity of diseases which cause tissue necrosisPositive CRP: rheumatic fever, rheumatoid arthritis, myocardial infarction, malignancy, acute bacterial & viral infections, postoperativelyAntinuclear AntibodiesNormal is negative by immunofluorescence; titers done if positive (<1:160 normal)Used in differential diagnosis of rheumatoid diseases: SLE, lupoid hepatitis, scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogrens disease, dermatomyositis, polyarteritisSubtypes of ANA Anti-dsDNA antibody Antibodies to extractable nuclear antigens Anti-RNP (antiribonucleoprotein) Anti-Smith Anti-Sjogrens syndrome Rheumatoid FactorNormal < 80 IU/mlIncreased in rheumatoid arthritis, SLE, endocarditis, tuberculosis, syphilis, sarcoidosis, cancer, viral infections, Sjogren’s syndrome, skin & renal allografts, diseases affecting lung, liver, or kidneyCold Agglutins TestNormal < 1:16 titer at 4o CA titer is finding the substance after a series of dilutions. In the case of a 1:16 titer the substance is present after a dilution of 16 times.IgM autoantibodies cause RBCs to agglutinate at 0-10o CUsed to diagnose atypical viral pneumonia, certain hemolytic anemiasChronic elevation – severe Raynaud’s phenomenon, B-cell CLLTransient increases: atypical viral pneumonias, infectious mononucleosis, congenital syphilis, hepatic cirrhosis, trypanosimiasisThere are a lot of other immune function tests. An important point to remember is that most are very nonspecific and will be positive after any inflammatory response.