What is the common name for Hansen`s Disease?
Q:What is the common name for Hansen`s Disease?
More Answers to “What is the common name for Hansen`s Disease?“Leprosy
It used to be called Leprosy.
Hansen’s Disease is commonly known as Leprosy. It is is a disfiguring chronic bacterial disease of the skin, mucous membranes and nerves in the hands and feet and, in some cases, the lining of the nose. It is caused by a DNA plasmid (transposon, or “ultravirus”, a small circle of DNA) carried in Hansen’s bacillus called Mycobacterium Leprae. It’s moden name “Hansen’s Disease” is derived from the name of the discoverer of the bacillus. Gerhard Armauer Hansen, the discoverer of the bacterium.People infected are called lepers but at recent times “people affected by Hansen’s Disease” is the preferred term to call the leprosy infected people. Recent discovery clarifies that the mode of transmission happens when a plasmid (transposon, or “ultravirus”) carrying a neuron invasion gene and the replicator gene shared with the bacterium, may in some humans transfer from the bacterium into peripheral nerves (this seems to occur where pressure, for example through sleeping on hard surfaces, forces proximity). Those on endemic areas with poor living conditions are at the highest risk.Early period required lepers to be confined in a leprosarium. Number of leprosaria, or leper hospitals, sprang up in the middle ages, particularly in England, first recorded leprosarium was in Harbledown. The numbers of people afflicted had been reduced since the treatment had been discovered and confining in a leprosarium had declined and became not a necessity though there are still a few leper colonies around the world, in countries such as India and the Philippines.For the treatments: Dapsone has been used since 1946, clofazimine and rifampin in the 1960’s, rifampin since 1970 and in 1982 Multi-Drug-Therapy (MDT) consisted of dapsone and rifampin combination. The WHO has provided free MDT supply to all endemic areas since 1995. Minimising skin pressure points in endemic areas, avoiding sleeping on hard surfaces, general health measures to optimise immune function are the best ways to practice which can help getting infected with the disease.♥
Leprosy.It’s caused by Mycobacterium leprae.